mercredi 30 juin 2010
jeudi 24 juin 2010
Posted by Reidar Visser on Thursday, 24 June 2010 15:14
The recent nomination of the former US ambassador to Baghdad, Zalmay Khalilzad, to a position on the board of DNO, a Norwegian private company engaged in oil deals in Kurdistan, has already generated big headlines. Part of the reason is that following Peter Galbraith, Khalilzad is the second key US figure involved in constitutional issues during the years 2003–2005 to acquire business interests in Kurdistan.
Continued disagreement between the Kurds and Baghdad over supremacy and governance issues in the oil sector makes this kind of dual involvement into a particularly touchy area.
Certain parallels to Peter Galbraith do exist in this case, but the differences also remain considerable. In the first place, the timing of Khalilzad’s involvement with DNO seems somewhat tidier. Khalilzad quit his diplomatic mission in Iraq in 2007 and his involvement with DNO started after that date (and only became formalised recently after he was nominated for the DNO board by the Emirati company RAK, which has a big stake in DNO shares).
Conversely, Peter Galbraith continued to advise the Kurds during the constitutional negotiations in August 2005 even after he had started receiving money from DNO and had also acquired his “stake” in the Tawke oil project.
Secondly, to the extent that he is known to have had any direct impact on legal frameworks directly relating to the oil sector, Khalilzad was unsuccessful. Khalilzad failed in his offensive to getting a package of oil legislation passed in early 2007; Galbraith, by way of contrast, was successful in obtaining constitutional accept for many of the principles he authored in late 2003 and early 2004 about regional influence in the oil sector (or at least a sufficient degree of legal ambiguity to create problems for Baghdad).
In fact, the parts of the Iraqi constitution with which Khalilzad is most clearly associated are the last-minute amendments that were designed to encourage participation in Sunni Muslim areas in the 15 October 2005 constitutional referendum, including, importantly, the key point about a one-off batch of constitutional revisions with no supermajorities required in parliament (which of course could ultimately reverse everything the Kurds have been dreaming of with respect to regional influence in the oil sector and, in a worst-case scenario for DNO, the business prospects with which Khalilzad has now become associated).
The closest parallel to Galbraith is probably the fact that both he and Khalilzad appear happy to continue to advise US public opinion about the best US policy also after their involvement in Kurdish oil. Galbraith’s penmanship in support of some kind of decentralised solution for Iraq has already generated two books (The End of Iraq and Unintended Consequences), whereas Khalilzad just months ago wrote an op-ed in The Financial Times in which he advocated US support for a coalition government consisting of Iraqiyya, State of Law and the Kurdistan list, with Nuri al-Maliki and Ayad Allawi taking turns as premier. This is of course an interesting position, given that in theory, Maliki and Allawi alone actually have a sufficient number of deputies to form a government without the Kurds but that they nevertheless persist in attempts at negotiating with Arbil instead of with each other.
This position by Khalilzad on the issue of government formation is also one which is apparently being viewed with interest by the Obama administration. In a recent interview with BBC Hard Talk, Ambassador Chris Hill was asked whether the next government would include the Sadrists (apparently, this scenario is favoured by BBC reporters as the epitome of tragedy in Iraq). Hill replied by saying something to the effect that this was not necessarily the case. “There are four parties”, he began, apparently thinking of the old four-way formula once favoured by the Bush administration of Daawa-ISCI-Kurds-Sunnis, with Iraqiyya apparently serving as “Sunnis” instead of Tawafuq this time.
But then he started with the details, first mentioning just State of Law and Iraqiyya, and pausing to emphasise that those parties alone held “almost” enough seats to form a government (they actually have more than enough, but it is good news that this scenario is now at least being considered in Washington). He then mentioned the Kurds briefly (as per the Khalilzad proposal) and moved on to other issues before ISCI (or the Sadrist-free rump INA) was even mentioned.
In his commentary on Iraqi affairs, Khalilzad has made it clear that he has a far better understanding of what is going on in Iraq south of Kurdistan than Galbraith, who was always on thin ice whenever he ventured to comment on Baghdad politics. But with his recent involvement as a nominee for the DNO board, Khalilzad no longer enjoys any neutrality on the Iraqi scene: He is effectively a proponent of the vision of a strongly decentralised Iraq that is favoured by those who envisage an autonomous Kurdish oil sector.
Any future policy advice on his part about any aspect of US Iraq policy – like the advisability of this or that coalition combination – will be tainted, like that of Galbraith, by business interests that dictate a preference for a weak Baghdad and an oil minister favouring regional interests over national ones.
dimanche 20 juin 2010
Northern Iraq Observations 2: Influence of the Iraq Parliamentary Elections on the Kurdish Interior Politics
The events in the north of Iraq during the elections and the results of the elections have shown that the Kurdish politics has not normalized yet. It is seen that a movement, which may receive general support from the Kurds throughout all the areas that they live, are not present yet. The primary reason for that is the Kurdish voters still favor regional and tribal allegiances while casting their votes.
Besides, the political parties do not allow other political parties to propagate freely in their own areas. That control, which was previously upheld by violence, is now maintained through legal means. Each party dominated the areas they are strong in. Those views are shared by most Kurdish opinion leaders. Especially the Goran (Change) Movement frequently expresses their views on the frauds during the elections. However, it is strongly believed that if there had been free elections in Duhok, the Kurdish Islamist parties would have won.
The most important outcome of the elections in terms of the Kurdish interior politics is that KDP’s strength in the north has grown further. It is even to the extent that, some experts that we talked in Arbil has labeled KDP as “the sole authority”. The most probable outcome of such a view is that the alliance between KDP and PUK, which rests on the distribution of resources in half shares, might collapse. KDP might consider that its weight in the alliance has distinctively risen, so it does not have to share resources with PUK in half shares. During our talks in Arbil, in which KDP is dominant, it is observed that such views started to emerge. Above all, KDP has gained the psychological upper ground compared to PUK. The practical outcome of this might be the increasing share of KDP on resources, posts and privileges due to increased pressure over PUK. However, it is not realistic that KDP will be the sole determinant factor in the Kurdish politics.
Issues like “Kirkuk, Article 140, oil, the status of the peshmarga, presidency”, which the Kurds consider as “national problems” need the collaboration of the Kurdish parties, which hinder the KDP to gain the advantages of the election victory to the full extent. According to Dr. Sabah Suphi Hayder, the Head of the Department of Political Science in Salahaddin University, “the greatest factors that unite the Kurds are Kirkuk and the status of disputed areas”. KDP is unable to acquire advantages for the Kurds in those issues by working alone. For this reason, KDP officials evaluate the strategic alliance in a deliberate way. In the words of Pistivan Sadik, the Arbil representative of KDP, “strategic alliance is a national issue and Kurdish national interests come first. For this reason the strategic alliance will never collapse”.
Besides, KDP needs the support of PUK, for the regional government presidency. The last factor that drives KDP towards carrying on the strategic alliance is the increasing power of the Kurdish Islamist parties. KDP would want to keep PUK on its side against the Kurdish Islamists. All political groups in the Kurdish region are focused on the provincial elections that are to be held in October. Each party will individually take place in this election. Questioning the strategic alliance between KDP and PUK is mostly postponed to the post-elections period.
In this context the Kurds, leaving aside their problems, have signed an agreement on May 8th 2010, In order to have a stronger position in Baghdad. Five Kurdish parties, which won seats In the Parliament, have decided on acting together as a united front in Baghdad. The united front will enter the government negotiations on behalf of all five parties and all Kurdish parties will enter the government. Each party will have a share based on its proportion in the Parliament. The Kurds seek to compensate for their relative weakness after the elections. In the words of Dr. Sabah Suphi Hayder, the Head of the Department of Political Science in Salahaddin University, “the Kurds have to unite against the others despite their problems within each other”. This means that the Kurds consider Baghdad as a means to protect and further their acquisitions in the Kurdish region.
It was not possible in the previous election, to determine the power base of each party, because the parties took place in the blocs and the closed list system was adopted. It is now clearly known for the first time that which party is strong where, for the reason that the open list system was adopted. KDP won 30 seats and is the indisputable winner in terms of the Kurdish interior politics. Considering the results in a different perspective suggests that KDP’s success relies on its formulation of election strategy. Yet, the Goran and PUK are over KDP in terms of the vote count. PUK and Goran representatives that we talked in Sulaimany stated that it is completely a failure in the election strategy.KDP achieved success through focusing on candidates that are less in number. Asos Hadi, journalist from Sulaimany, puts that “KDP got 600,000 votes, while Goran got 420,000 and PUK got 410,000. The total votes of Goran and PUK exceed those of KDP; however KDP won more seats in the Parliament than PUK and Goran combined. This is totally a failure in election strategy.” Considering the distribution of votes, it is early to suggest that KDP is the center of attraction for the Kurds. However, it can be said that KDP’s political strength compared to the other political parties will rise.
One of the most critical issues regarding the Kurdish interior politics is the future of PUK and Talabani. PUK lost a great deal of political power in the regional parliamentary elections of 2009. The Goran Movement, which was established by former members of PUK, got 24% of total votes in the regional parliamentary elections. Although PUK has slowed its decline against the Goran Movement in March 7 Elections, the dual structure of the Kurdish politics based on KDP and PUK has collapsed. The future of PUK, which was dealt the most severe blow by the mentioned collapse, is focused on the period after Talabani. Talabani’s charismatic leadership is seen as the power that holds PUK together. However, Talabani has problems related to his health and the period after him is being discussed in a covert way. PUK will have difficult times, if Talabani retires from politics. The PUK Congress, which will be held in October, is of great importance, because it will shed some light on the period after Talabani. After the Congress, it is expected that significant changes will take place within PUK and important signals about the post-Talabani period will be seen. Now there are six fractions within PUK competing against each other. Talabani’s presence is considered as the factor hindering conflict and disintegration. According to Cemal Hüseyin, Editor-in-Chief of the Gele Kurdistan TV, which is the media arm of PUK, “the post-Congress PUK will in no way same as the pre-Congress PUK”.
Finally, looking at the perceptions among the Kurds on the results in Kirkuk province, it is possible to say that the results were blow the expectations. PUK and Goran candidates that we had the opportunity to talk before the election, predicted that the Kurds would gain eight and the Arabs would gain four seats out of the twelve seats of Kirkuk. They predicted that the Turkmans wil at most gain one single seat or none at all. Therefore, it was unexpected for the Kurds that they won six seats, the Arabs won four seats and the Turkmans won two seats. Besides, Al-Iraqiya list is the first in total votes cast. The results rule out the legitimate grounds for the claims of the Kurds over Kirkuk.
Kurdish politicians and opinion leaders that we talked after the elections were adamant that he results do not constitute a defeat for the Kurds. They claim that total votes of all Kurdish parties are more that the votes won by al-Iraqiya. However, it can be said that the Kurds are in second position in the total votes cast as well. That is because; the Turkmans and Arabs were divided into several parties just like the Kurds. Therefore, it is seen that non-Kurdish votes are greater in number when all Kurdish parties’ votes and all Arab and Turkman parties’ votes are compared.
June 15 2010
DAMASCUS, 20 June 2010 (IRIN) - The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has revised downwards the number of Iraqi refugees it has registered in Syria.
“In 2010 we issued revised figures for the number of registered Iraqi refugees based on the verification of their presence in Syria throughout 2009,” said Wafa Amr, a spokesperson for UNHCR in Damascus.
Those refugees who did not make contact with the office for more than four months and did not pick up food vouchers for two months had their files deactivated, according to UNHCR.
More than a quarter of the Iraqi population registered in Syria was deregistered - 58,000 files were deactivated - leaving 165,493 registered refugees at end-April this year. However, if a deregistered refugee re-approaches the agency, UNHCR says their file “may be reactivated after an in-depth assessment”.
UNHCR attributes the revision of its numbers to “returns, deaths and departures for third countries”.
Since the start of the war, UNHCR Syria has registered more than 260,000 Iraqi refugees. UNHCR has assisted 1,200 refugees to return, while around 21,000 Iraqis have left the country without the agency's assistance.
The true number of Iraqi refugees is considered to be higher than UNHCR registrations, although significantly lower than the 1.2 million figure given by the Syrian authorities.
Many refugees did not want to register or have been hard for UNHCR to reach in their urban setting.
“If we look at the numbers officially registered, such a small minority has been reached,” said Elizabeth Campbell, a senior advocate at Refugees International, a US advocacy group. “Not many refugees are returning.”
Funding has been an issue for refugee agencies owing to the global financial crisis. At the same time, budgetary requirements have risen; at the end of 2009, UNHCR requested a US$10 billion budget for all its programmes, the largest ever.
However, UNHCR said the revision was not connected to financial considerations. “This revision has nothing to do with donors' pressure to reduce funding; rather it is about UNHCR's credibility in using more accurate numbers,” said Amr.
Several other factors are at work, which makes determining the refugee status of Iraqis harder than in other cases. Syria is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, meaning they are regarded as visitors by Syria – the same as economic migrants.
Many of the refugees came with funds and received remittances from Baghdad. This, say some agencies, made donors less inclined to view them as refugees.
With Iraqis settling in urban areas rather than a camp setting it has been hard for agencies to reach them to register them.
In addition, the mobility of the Iraqi community - often commuting back home - has caused some to challenge their status as refugees.
“There's nothing unique about Iraqi refugees going and coming back to test the waters,” said Campbell. “Mobility is essential for economic or personal reasons; it doesn't mean they don't still need protection.”
“Iraqis registered with UNHCR who commute between Syria and Iraq are still considered refugees in need of protection and assistance,” said Amr. “Many return to Iraq to assess the security situation and have not deactivated their files.”
Iraqi refugees in Syria said it made sense to deactivate files of people who had left but were concerned that their trips back to Iraq often take longer than expected, causing them to be out of touch for long periods.
“Sometimes we think we will go back just for a month to see the situation, but then the possibility of coming back to Syria can change or something may happen with our family,” said one man from Baghdad, who asked not to be named.
Campbell said that if the reduced numbers did not match the picture in the field, many refugees could be put in a difficult position: “If money and support is disappearing, the refugees will have to make difficult decisions – a life of poverty in Syria or an unsafe return to Iraq.”
Report can be found online at:
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
samedi 19 juin 2010
By SAAD ABDUL-KADIR (AP)
Iraqis chant slogans demanding more electricity in Basra, Iraq's second-largest city, 550 kilometers (340 miles) southeast of Baghdad, Iraq, Saturday, June 19, 2010.
June 19, 2010
BAGHDAD — A protest over electricity shortages in Iraq's southern port city of Basra turned deadly on Saturday when troops fatally shot a demonstrator, police officials said, underscoring rising tension over the country's lack of basic services.
There have been severe electricity outages as summer temperatures soar above 120 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius).
Also on Saturday, officials said gunmen killed three anti-al-Qaida fighters after opening fire at a checkpoint south of Baghdad manned by a local government-backed group known as an Awakening Council.
More than 30 people were killed Friday in a wave of violence targeting government officials, Iraqi security forces and those seen as allied with them.
The violence highlights fears of growing unrest as the country remains deadlocked months after March's inconclusive parliamentary elections have failed to produce a new government.
The putative winner of the contests, former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, announced Saturday that "international intelligence" services had told him that he was the target of an assassination plot.
Irak`ın kuzeyinde Türkmenlerin yoğun bulunduğu Tuzhurmatu`daki bombalı saldırılarda en az 10 kişinin hayatını kaybettiği bildirildi. Kerkük polisi, 20 kadar evin yıkıldığını belirttiği saldırıda enkaz kaldırma çalışmalarının sürdüğünü, bu yüzden de ölü sayısının artabileceğini açıkladı. Yaklaşık 60 kişinin yaralandığı saldırının bomba yüklü 3 araçla düzenlendiğini belirten polis, iki aracın infilak etmeden etkisiz hale getirildiğini aktardı.
jeudi 17 juin 2010
An ethnic Uzbek holds his hands to his head as he stands beside the ruins of his home in Osh
Above, Photo: ReliefWeb
A map of Kyrgyzstan and surrounding countries
Population make-up Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Kyrgyz were a minority in Osh, the main urban centre in the south. Historically they were mainly nomads living in rural areas, while Uzbeks were farmers and town-based artisans and traders. The borders drawn by Stalin that divided nationalities in the Fergana Valley were largely administrative, and did not mean much in practical terms.
Report can be found online at:http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=89526
samedi 12 juin 2010
Global Research, June 11, 2010
Infowars - 2010-06-06
Uzi Dayan, former deputy Chief of General Staff in Israel, says the Jewish state should consider a possible Turkish military escort of Gaza aid ships an act of war. “If the Turkish prime minister joins such a flotilla,” Dayan told Israeli army radio, according to the Jerusalem Post, “we should make clear beforehand this would be an act of war, and we would not try to take over the ship he was on, but would sink it.”
It is unprecedented for a top level state official to threaten a head of another state with murder.
Israel has refused to cooperate with an independent investigation of the incident that resulted in the death of between nine and nineteen activists. The Turkish government remains unequivocal in its condemnation of the action taken by the Israeli Navy. Most of the victims were Turkish citizens.
On June 5, the Turkish PM, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, said he is not only planning to dispatch the Navy on the next flotilla, but that he is considering accompanying them personally. Erdogan reportedly raised the idea in conversations with close associates and even informed the United States of his intention to ask the Turkish Navy to accompany another aid flotilla to Gaza. The Americans asked Erdogan to delay his plans because of tensions on the region, the Lebanese newspaper al-Mustaqbal reported on Saturday.
Uzi Dayan is the nephew of Moshe Dayan, the fourth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, Defense Minister and later Foreign Minister of Israel.
vendredi 11 juin 2010
mercredi 9 juin 2010
Le drapeau kurde sur les Champs-Elysées?
Le drapeau kurde bientôt hissé
le long des Champs-Elysées ?
par Gilles Munier
Massoud Barzani, Président de la Région autonome du Kurdistan irakien, sera bientôt à Paris en visite officielle. Les Irakiens se demandent si Nicolas Sarkozy et Bernard Kouchner oseront faire hisser le drapeau kurde pour impressionner leur visiteur et engranger des contrats.
Ces derniers jours, en Turquie, le chef kurde a fait retirer les drapeaux irakiens prévus sur son passage ou lors de ses entretiens officiels. Il exigeait qu’on les remplace par le drapeau kurde. Pour ne pas déplaire aux Irakiens, les Turcs ont préféré ne pas mettre de drapeau du tout.
La position de Barzani est connue. Il a déclaré à Al-Taakhi – quotidien du PDK, le parti qu’il dirige - qu’à moins « qu'un nouveau drapeau ne soit conçu pour l'Irak, qu'il adopte le nouveau le drapeau de l'époque monarchique ou celui de la République du 14 Juillet, ou tout autre drapeau qui contienne un symbole indiquant que les communautés arabe et kurde sont les deux principaux groupes ethniques de l'Irak, l'actuel drapeau ne sera pas hissé au Kurdistan ».
Pour lui, le drapeau irakien, même s’il a été modifié en janvier 2008, est celui du « régime de Saddam Hussein ».
lundi 7 juin 2010
June 6, 2010
Since the last parliamentary election in March, Iraqis have been waiting for the announcement of forming the new government.After more than three months of waiting, I tried to know the opinions of my people about Iraqis' most important issue. I talked to more than twenty people in more than eight provinces. They all said the same things. I chose the opinions of four people only. For security reasons, I will write only the first name of the people whom I’m quoting.
Aseel, 25 years girl"Our situation is very bad. No security at all. No jobs opportunities and no basic services. Nothing will change whether the politicians form the government or do not. In fact, it would be better for us if Iraq remains without a government because they political parties will keep discussing their demands and they will not fight each other. I believe that forming the government will take another six months because all the politicians work for their interests. I am sure God will send us to heaven after we die because we live in hell now."
Nazar, 37 years. Employee"I can not predict the exact time of forming the government because the fight among the political parties are still ongoing. Each political party is supported by a foreign country and tries to impose the political agenda of that country. The political struggle proves with no doubt that the political parties do not trust each other. We had done as duty as honest Iraqis who love their countries. We went to the election for four times. We sacrificed for our Iraq but what did we get in return!!! Our politicians fight for their interests and forgot us completely."
Um Ahmed, 48 years. High school principle. Qadisiyah province"Our politicians are watching our miserable condition and they can not feel our pains. What did the last government do for us!! The answer is nothing at all. Let me give one example. It had been seven years since the collapse of Saddam's regime in 2003 and we still do not have electricity. Summer in Iraqi is very long season. It lasts for more than five months. During this long season, we have electricity for three hours a day or four hours as a maximum while the politicians and the lawmakers have their big power generator that provide their house for all day and night. They fight for power and they do everything for it even killing us."
Hussein, 41 Taxi driver. Basra province"Iraq will never improve and our life will never get better because our politicians care only about their interests. We made a big mistake when we participated in the last election. Our politicians will not form the government even within the two coming months because they still negotiate about the share of each party as if Iraq is their heritage. I am sure the coming government will fail and it will tell us the same excuses of the last one. There is no hope at all."
vendredi 4 juin 2010
DUBLIN: An Irish aid boat steaming towards Gaza still plans to break the Israeli blockade, a Nobel Peace Prize winner who is on board vowed today, saying its passengers and crew “are not afraid”.
“We do know that one of the suggestions that seems to be coming is Israel thinks that we would take this boat and its cargo to Ashdod. But we have no intention of going to Ashdod which is in Israel.
“We started out to deliver this cargo to the people of Gaza and to break the siege of Gaza, that is what we want to do.”
Maguire said they would regard as “satisfactory” suggestions that the vessel is checked by the UN or an independent investigator to verify there is no dangerous cargo abroad.
“But we are not prepared to allow Israel to do this. Our cargo was inspected by officials from the Irish government, by trade union officials in Dundalk (a port in NE Ireland) and officials of the Green Party.
“Then the cargo was sealed, totally sealed. We don’t have anything but humanitarian aid,” she added, saying the 11 activists on board were “totally committed” to going to Gaza.
“We are not afraid,” she said.
Maguire, 66, believes the 1.5 million people of Gaza, with 30% under the age of 18, have been living under a “cruel siege”.
“It is collective punishment by the Israelis government. It is breaking international laws and human rights. Our concern is to try to open up the people of Gaza to the world,” she said.
Maguire, who won the 1976 Nobel prize as co-founder of a peace movement in long-troubled Northern Ireland, has travelled many times to the Palestinian territories, said the Irish group.
mercredi 2 juin 2010
Israël s'incruste en Irak
Israël s’incruste en Irak
par Gilles Munier
(Afrique Asie – juin 2010)
Israël s’est vite rendu compte que les Etats-Unis perdraient la guerre d’Irak, et que les projets d’établissement de relations diplomatiques et de réouverture du pipeline Kirkouk- Haïfa promis par Ahmed Chalabi, étaient illusoires. Ariel Sharon a alors décidé, selon le journaliste d’investigation Seymour Hersh, de renforcer la présence israélienne au Kurdistan irakien afin que le Mossad puisse mettre en place des réseaux qui perdureraient dans le reste du pays et le Kurdistan des pays voisins, quelle que soit l’issue des combats.
La participation israélienne à la coalition occidentale ayant envahi l’Irak est loin d’être négligeable, mais demeure quasiment secrète. Les Etats-Unis ne tiennent pas à ce que les médias en parlent, de peur de gêner leurs alliés arabes et de crédibiliser leurs opposants qui dénoncent le "complot américano-sioniste" au Proche-Orient.
Des Israéliens ne sont pas seulement présents sous uniforme étasunien, sous couvert de double nationalité, ils interviennent dès 2003 comme spécialistes de la guérilla urbaine à Fort Bragg, en Caroline du Nord, centre des Forces spéciales. C’est là que fut mise sur pied la fameuse Task Force 121 qui, avec des peshmergas de l’UPK (Talabani), arrêta le Président Saddam Hussein. Son chef, le général Boykin se voyait en croisé combattant contre l’islam, « religion satanique ». C’était l’époque où Benyamin Netanyahou se réunissait à l’hôtel King David à Jérusalem avec des fanatiques chrétiens sionistes pour déclarer l’Irak : « Terre de mission »... En décembre 2003, un agent de renseignement américain, cité par The Guardian, craignait que la "coopération approfondie" avec Israël dérape, notamment avec le " programme d’assassinats en voie de conceptualisation ", autrement dit la formation de commandos de la mort. Il ne fallut d’ailleurs pas attendre longtemps pour que le premier scandale éclate. En mars 2004, le bruit courut que des Israéliens torturaient les prisonniers d’Abou Ghraib, y mettant en pratique leur expérience du retournement de résistants acquise en Palestine. Sur la BBC, le général Janis Karpinski, directrice de la prison révoquée, coupa court aux dénégations officielles en confirmant leur présence dans l’établissement pénitentiaire.
La coopération israélo-américaine ne se développa pas seulement sur le terrain extra-judiciaire avec la liquidation de 310 scientifiques irakiens entre avril 2003 et octobre 2004, mais également en Israël où, tirant les leçons des batailles de Fallujah, le Corps des ingénieurs de l’armée étasunienne a construit, dans le Néguev, un centre d’entraînement pour les Marines en partance pour l’Irak et l’Afghanistan. Ce camp, appelé Baladia City, situé près de la base secrète de Tze’elim, est la réplique grandeur nature d’une ville proche-orientale, avec des soldats israéliens parlant arabe jouant les civils et les combattants ennemis. D’après Marines Corps Time, elle ressemble à Beit Jbeil, haut lieu de la résistance du Hezbollah à l’armée israélienne en 2006…
Les « hommes d’affaire » du Mossad
En août 2003, l’Institut israélien pour l’exportation a organisé, à Tel-Aviv, une conférence pour conseiller aux hommes d’affaires d’intervenir comme sous-traitants de sociétés jordaniennes ou turques ayant l’aval du Conseil de gouvernement irakien. Très rapidement sont apparus en Irak des produits sous de faux labels d’origine. L’attaque par Ansar al-Islam, en mars 2004, de la société d’import-export Al-Rafidayn, couverture du Mossad à Kirkouk, a convaincu les « hommes d’affaires » israéliens qu’il valait mieux recruter de nouveaux agents sans sortir du Kurdistan, mais elle n’a pas empêché les échanges économiques israélo-irakiens de progresser. En juin 2004, le quotidien économique israélien Globes évaluait à 2 millions de dollars les exportations vers l’Irak cette année là. En 2008, le site Internet Roads to Iraq décomptait 210 entreprises israéliennes intervenant masquées sur le marché irakien. Leur nombre s’est accru en 2009 après la suppression, par le gouvernement de Nouri al-Maliki, du document de boycott d’Israël exigé des entreprises étrangères commerçant en Irak, véritable aubaine pour les agents recruteurs du Mossad.
mardi 1 juin 2010
This Video was filmed in the night of 31.5.2010 in front of the Embassy